Automated image analysis software for assessing banding or orientation of Microstructures in dual phase steel. For Annual Book of ASTM approved in Last previous edition approved in as E – 01(). Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s . ASTM E_ – Designation: E – 01 Standard Practice for Assessing the Degree of Bandin.

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This method is only applicable to as-quenched, fully martensitic steels minor levels of retained austenite will be present in higher carbon steels with carbon contents from 0.

ASTM E 1268 2001(Reapproved 2016) Ferrite Banding Standard

Decide which phase or constituent is banded. Test specimens should be prepared as described in 7. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety atm health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. The anisotropy index for a randomly oriented, non-banded microstructure is one.

If both phases or constituents are banded, with no obvious matrix phase, choose one of the phases constituents for counting. The total length of the grid lines e168 be at least mm. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the banding or alignment characteristic at specic locations.

For P intersections, do not count phase or constituent boundaries between like particles, grains, etc. For isolated particles in a matrix, the number of r1268 intersections will equal twice the number of feature interceptions.


If a line ends within a particle, patch or grain, count it as one half an interception. For plate or sheet products, a planar oriented that is, polished surface parallel to the surface of the plate or sheet test specimen, at subsurface, mid-thickness, or center locations, may also be prepared and tested depending on the nature of the product application.

Norma Astm e astm e It is best if the etchant used does axtm reveal grain boundaries within a sstm phase. The microindentation hardness method may be used for such structures.

Thus, there is a narrow range of uncertainty in predicting the carbon content, particularly for carbon contents of 0. However, depending on the alloy or material being examined, other illumination modes, such as polarized light or differential interference contrast illumination, may be used.

The correlation coefficient is 0. Precision and Bias A If possible, etch the specimens so that like phase or constituent boundaries are not revealed, only unlike boundaries. This method is applicable only to steels with carbon contents from 0. Sampling and Test Specimens 7. Etching must produce strong contrast between the phases or constituents of interest.

However, the magnication must be kept as low as possible so that each test line traverses a reasonable number of the grains or particles of interest.

ASTM E (Reapproved ) Ferrite Banding Standard – PDF Free Download

The degree of carbon segregation may be estimated by this method and reported for such specimens. Xstm and Use 5. Microstructure of steel and banding standard Calculate the number of feature interceptions per unit length perpendicular to the deformation axis, N L’, in accordance with: N NL 5 L t 2 operator bias.


Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters.

Other examples of banding include carbide banding in hypereutectoid tool steels and marten mar tensite site ban bandin ding g in hea heat-t t-trea reated ted allo alloy y stee steels. Calculation of Results Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.

ASTM E1268 – 01(2016)

The preparation procedure must reveal the microstructure without excessive inuence from preparation-induced deformation or smearing. For fully martensitic sit ic car carbo bon n an and d al allo loy y ste steel elss 0 0. Hardenability studies have demonstrated this relationship for fully martensitic microstructures in steels rapidly quenched from the prescribed austenitizing temperatures. P Intersections—Count the number of unlike phase boundaries or constituent boundariesA crossed by the grid lines.

A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Linear regression for this portion of the conversion reveals the following relationship: For a two-phase structure, count all of the interceptions of the phase of interest, that is, those that are clearly part of the bands and those that are not.