Fundamental principles of bhaishajya kalpana. The word Bhaishajya Kalpana is composed of two words – Bhaishajya and Kalpana. The word. Bhaishjya kalpana deals with the Basic Ayurvedic pharmaceutics. •The first systematic knowledge of Bhaishajya Kalpana is found in Caraka. Doctor of Medicine in Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana (Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacy) is Non – Clinical course. Keeping with tradition, the course.

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Different procedures may be required to separate out such useful constituent. Tinospora cordifolia Thunb Miers. These can be preserved for one year if kept in air tight container. Mahisaksha Guggulu is dark greenish brown and Kanaka Guggulu is yellowish brown in color. This endeavor along bhaisahjya rigorous standardization of all aspects of drug manufacturing would be a great help in ensuring availability of standardized, efficacy and safety proven ayurvedic formulation in the market.

Safety, Efficacy, Stability and Palatability are the four basic requirements of a good drug dosage form.

Shri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya

These ingredients have to be extracted from the plant and put to therapeutic use. Further from the above basic forms, a number of other formulations are derived; a brief description of each of them has been given along with brief outlines of drug formulations meant for specific routes.

The above illustrations are just few examples of a vast array of factors that may influence expression of pharmacological activity. GuduciHolarrhena antidysenterica Linn.

The water insoluble plant material is separated and thrown out as a waste material at the end of all these extraction processes. Salt, sugar, camphor- the material with water content, when mentioned are separately powdered and mixed with the rest at the end. Vegetable lepa coorna powder will preserve their potency for 30 days if kept in air tight containers. Vati and Gutikas – drug forms prepared in the form of tablet or pills. The medicated oil generally will have the colour, odor and taste of the ingredients used.

This facilitates the extraction of the active principles contained in the drugs. During preparation the fine paste and liquids are mixed together and then oil or ghee is added and boiled on mild fire and continuously stirred to ensure that the fine paste does not stick to the vessel.



Thus great research and development efforts are required to optimize the formulation aspects to ensure constant availability of standardized products with constancy of composition and efficacy.

Water, Cow’s urine, oil, and ghee are some of the media used for mixing.

Drugs mentioned in a particular Yoga formulation are cleaned and dried properly. They are made of one or more drugs of plant, animal or mineral origin. Table 2 Preparations meant for routes other than oral routes. In kalpanx these extraction methods water soluble active ingredients of the plant are extracted. Due to space constraint it is not possible to give full description of all these forms. Two finger thick layer of mud is then bhsishajya on the covering of leaves.

This process ensures absorption of the active therapeutic properties of the ingredients used, into the oil base.

Bhaishajya Kalpanaa – The Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics – An Overview

Arka is a liquid preparation obtained by distillation of certain liquids or drugs soaked in water using the Arkayantra a type of steam distillation apparatus or any convenient modern distillation apparatus. The plant ingredients are dried and made into fine powders, separately and ground to soft pastes before they are rolled in to pills with the help of fingers. Asafoetida and salt may bhsishajya be roasted, powdered and then added. Three types of extraction techniques, depending on the heat sensitivity of the plant material, are used.

As described above every substance in the Universe possesses a potential to become a drug.

The leaves collected during November and July were almost inactive. Each of the above dosage forms is a subject that would require writing an independent article to do justice.

The five basic forms are: The classical formulation techniques and preparatory methods exhibit high degree of sophistication. The observed effect was compared against a water control group. The reason for boiling the plant material in water is to extract the entire water soluble ingredients. The alcohol generated in this process serves as a self preservative. However a concise description of selected dosage forms is provided below for familiarization, further details can be obtained from source books or by referring to Ayurvedic Formulary of India Anonymous, In one of the studies it has been shown that season of collection of raw drugs can influence the expression of pharmacological activity Sridhara Bairy, Similarly, use of an unknown drug may also prove injurious to the health of the patient.


Abstract In Ayurvedic therapeutics, drug therapy is given prime importance. In case of formulations in which minerals are used, the drugs are preserved for indefinite period. Powder of each drug is weighed separately and mixed thoroughly.

This clearly indicates that for attenuating the stress ulcers test drug given in the form of ghrita is good. A vast scope exists for undertaking well planned multi-disciplinary studies in this field in which at most importance should be given to the concepts behind formulation. This can be achieved through specific processing. After strained decoctions Kwaatha are boiled down, sugar or jiggery is added to it.

Different aspects of their preparation and use have been discussed. This is then made into thin sticks of about 2 centimeters in length and dried in shade.

Groups of classics known as Greater triad Brihat tr a yee and Lesser triad Laghu trayee are noteworthy among them. Finely powdered plant material is soaked overnight in six parts of water. It is obtained by boiling the finely powdered plant material in required quantity of water till all the active ingredients are extracted completely in the water.

In Ayurvedic therapeutics, drugs in both forms are used, crude as well as processed and converted into different formulations. It was observed that samples collected during September produced better anti-inflammatory activity in comparison to samples collected during other seasons.