Mathematician, engineer and inventor Charles Proteus Steinmetz was responsible during the latter part of the 19th and early part of the 20th century for solving a. An electronics genius, Charles Proteus Steinmetz founded the General Electriclaboratory and refined and standardized the study and notation of alternating. Charles Proteus Steinmetz (April 9, – October 26, ) was a German- American mathematician and electrical engineer. He proposed the development of.
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More Audio, Film and Photos of Steinmetz 3. Steinmetz stands with Thomas Edison and Elihu Thomson as one of the founding fathers of electricity. He was a true engineer’s engineer – earning fame and success through the amazing results of his work and genius and not by flamboyant personality.
Steinmetz’s tale of escape from Prussia, battle with polio, and rise to fame is a classic story of survival and success. University of Breslau, Union College Publications: Created many papers for many journals over his life time.
His most famous paper was on the theory of hysteresis. This paper gained the attention of the AIEE and that led to his success. He developed theories for alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric power industry in the United Steinmet. After involvement with a socialist newspaper he was under suspicion by the government, then ruled by Kaiser Wilhelm II. He fled the country to Zurich.
In Zurich Steinmetz chqrles courses in electrical engineering and discovered his passion for the field. They spoke the same dialect of Germany and got along well from the start. What was so important about the hysteresis? Steinmetz figured out the mathematics involved in hysteresis. Hysteresis loops show the behavior of magnetism in materials.
Charles Proteus Steinmetz Biography (1865-1923)
Understanding magnetism in iron cores was and is still key to design of motors, generators, ballasts and other electrical devices. Steinmetz figured out the great mystery that all the greats of the time Thomson, Tesla, Westinghouse, Shallenberger, Edison had been stumped by.
No one before really understood the physics of what they were experimenting with. This proteud how young Steinmetz was able to shock the whole field with his paper and presentation in New York.
Understanding electromagnetism became of increased importance in the s as AC power involved seinmetz and collapsing electromagnetic fields in devices. The behavior of the core materials usually soft iron was not linear.
As you move up the curve see the diagram above lots of energy is required to magnetize the material. Than when poles invert in AC power notice how as you move around the ‘circle’ it takes more energy to reverse the polarity. Different materials have different hysteresis loop shapes. Depending on how steinmtez design the material we can create materials that charlex easier or harder to magnetise or demagnetize.
See our page on Magnetic Recording page to learn more. Understanding magnetics boils down to quantum mechanics. It takes a special type of mind with the right educational foundation to understand.
See a 20 minute video here for a full description of hysteresis. Stelnmetz loyalty to Eickemeyer was strong and he refused to leave despite being interested in General Electric.
Legend has it that management of GE then bought Eickemeyer’s company in order to get Steinmetz, however GE was also interested in Eickmeyer’s transformer patents. He then moved to Lynn, Massachusetts where he worked with Thomson in After joining General Electric one of the two best places to work in the field in the US at the time Steinmetz and the team developed the some of the world’s first 3 phase electrical systems.
A former Edison employee C. Bradley invented the first 3 phase AC generator, but it was Steinmetz who understood Charlea systems mathematically and could improve anything he worked on. The 3 phase system won steinmstz in the end over Westinghouse’s 2 phase system. Steinmetz became a professor at Union College. He suggested the establishment of the GE Research Laboratory in order to be able to steinmetx with the Germans who where trying to develop a better incandescent bulb than Edison’s.
The lab quickly produced many other types of inventions including W. Coolidge’s x-ray and Albert Hull’s Vacuum tube.
Charles Proteus Steinmetz – Wikiquote
His academic style was reflected in his willingness to help any of the other engineers at the lab, as well as students.
He has fewer patents than others but this is probably due to the fact that he allowed others to get the final credit and patents. He did not seek fame or power the way Edison and Tesla did. Edison and Steinmetz may have worked for the same company, but they were quite different in personality. Steinmetz worked on the world’s first monocyclic power distribution system in Mechanicville, New York. Click the link to learn more about it: He was probably involved in the creation of radio station 2XQ in or More on radio history here.
Charles Steinmetz lived on Wendell Rd. He had a green house where he kept “ugly” plants and animals. The cactus was a favorite plant, proteis also had various reptiles. Steinmetz, like many GE engineers in the beautiful topography of Upstate New York loved the outdoors. He would spend a lot of time in his wood cabin at the banks of the Mohawk River.
Steinmetz loved automobiles, especially electric and steam powered vehicles. The design of the Detroit Electric car allowed him to drive from the back seat.
Charles P Steinmetz – Engineering Hall of Fame
Steinmetz continued his passion and firm believe in socialism as a solution to the world’s problems. He worked at Union College and served as mayor of Schenectady. While he worked as a consultant for GE and was promoted as being part of GE’s miracle team he was not an employee. He believed that through automation in factories and in our pproteus lives appliances that we could eliminate the need for ‘serfs’ doing manual labor and that governments or companies could share the profits gained from automation to porteus the freed ‘slaves’ of feudal systems.
Steinmetz had a lot of hobbies and believed that people supported by the state would blossom in pursuit of personal hobbies and art.
As for Steinmetz’s beliefs on automation he was right that people have more free time as now a result of appliances doing the work, however in some ways he was not right. While increased profits from automation benefit stock share holders most of which are already wealthythe profits do not benefit the poor in the way that he envisioned.
It would be interesting to see what he would say about the future if he could see the outcome of what were new ideas in his time. Shortly after a rail trip to California, Steinmetz died in his home in In their day, Steinmetz, Edison and Nikola Tesla were all famous, to the point of being household names. Tesla and Edison were flamboyant and often gave public demonstrations of wizardry.
Both were showman and egotistical. The worked for attention and they both got it.
That public attention for Edison and Tesla have continued to this day. Steinmetz’s fame in his day was due to the General Electric marketing machine and not due to Steinmetz’s personal insecurities. Steinmetz was the ‘engineer’s engineer’.
Steinmetz was not a recluse like some great engineers, he loved people, sharing ideas with other greats in the industry, and teaching. In Schenectady and some electrical engineering circles Steinmetz’s contributions are stelnmetz known. He now remains a gem yet to be discovered by mainstream media.
Henry Ford and Steinmetz: Henry Ford Visits Steinmetz and is made to wait until he finishes reading his adopted children a book, story is told by Kolin Hagar, interview by Larry Hart. Kolin Hager is the first U. Steinmetz fixes a Westinghouse Generator: Listen to the above audio file and this story starts from the middle.
Steinmetz and Thomas Edison examine materials and insulators after artificial lightning strikes. Steinmetz and Edison did not regularly work together. Breslau, Prussia Wroclaw, Poland where Steinmetz was born and raised. In the s almost all of the residents of Germanic Prussian decent had fled, were executed, or sent to the Gulag.
Overethnic Poles were brought in from Lviv LwowUkraine to fill the empty city. If Prussia existed today Steinmetz would be a national hero. Steinmetz’s metal halide lamp patent, the arc path is illustrated with the mercury vapor shown by the cool colored plasma. Steinmetz invented the metal halide lamp in This lamp is now used in almost every town and city on the planet. Steinmetz’s prototype had problems with maintaining a constant temperature, so it shifted randomly in color from cool blues to warm whites.
It wasn’t until the ‘s that the lamp became reliable when it was produced in a high pressure form.
Charles Proteus Steinmetz, the Wizard of Schenectady
Charles Proteus Steinmetz, mathematician and electrical engineer was born in Breslau, Germany, where his father was employed as a lithographer in the railroad office. His given name, which chadles used for about the first twenty-five years of his life, was Karl August Rudolf, bit in his application for American citizenship he Anglicized his first vharles to Charles and substituted for the other two the name Proteus, a nickname given him when he joined the student mathematical society in Breslau.
Although deformed from birth, he was a normally inquisitive, mischievous boy but badly spoiled by his grandmother, who mothered the family after the death of Charles’ mother when he was a year old. It was evident early in steinnmetz school career that he had a keen mind, and when he had completed the course in the gymnasium his father willingly sent him steinmrtz the University of Breslau instead of apprenticing him to a trade. He entered the university in He was decidedly versatile and had an astonishing capacity for study.
During his six years at the university he never missed a class, took a prodigious number of notes, and even undertook independent investigations at home. Steinmeetz the very first he selected difficult technical subjects.