The book by “Christoph Luxenberg” came out in in Germany with the title ” Die Syro-Aramäische Lesart des Koran” (“A Syro-Aramaic Reading of the. Understandably the author’s name ‘Christoph Luxenberg’ is a nom de plume of a professor in Semitic languages at a German university, according to articles in. Christoph Luxenberg: “Die syro-aramäische Lesart des Koran: Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Koransprache” [“The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: a .

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They are translated as ‘domineering’, ‘arrogance’, ‘high and mighty’ and ‘tyrant’. Quranic studies Islamic studies books. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mostly these reactions were rather polemic and generally lacked any solid reasoning.

Muslims see the Qur’an as insurpassable and inimitable. Luxenberg’s writes the Arabic without an alif: Would the Koran, then, be nothing other than an Arabic version of the Christian Bible?

Christoph Luxenberg – Wikipedia

The latter owned a copy of the Qur’an that he had collected and codified himself, and he preferred it over the standard one that caliph Uthman prescribed.

The Qur’an is therefore also called ‘the book of the cow’. At times these interpretations seem more logical, but some others seem to make very little difference. The whole problem with ‘Bakka’ has evaporated, and the translation of the chrietoph remains unchanged. What is meant by Syro-Aramaic actually Syriac is the branch of Aramaic in the Near East originally spoken in Edessa and the surrounding area in Northwest Mesopotamia and predominant as a written language from Christianization to the origin of the Koran.


Christoph Luxenberg

These activities resulted in numerous dictionaries, grammars and extended commentaries, tafsir. InThe Guardian newspaper published an article which stated:. Their liturgical language was Syro-Aramaic.

Besides these variants early Islamic literature also mentions a lot of alternative readings that do not belong to the canonical texts. And those positive results are ordered in a discourse that has its own structure and goal. Lion or lame donkey?

Missionary, dilettante or visionary?

However, the assumption behind their endeavours has always been, according to him, that any difficult passage is true, meaningful, and pure Arabic, and that it can be deciphered with the tools of traditional Muslim scholarship. This way the reader is also acquainted with alternatives that didn’t make it and the reasons why. The Arabs of that region had been Christianized and instructed by Syrian Christians. The word aslama is explained by Tabari in three different ways: Sometimes he rereads entire phrases and comes up with a reading that is more closely related to what non-Muslims often consider ‘the sources of the Qur’an’.

All 7 or 10, or 14 are considered canonical. There are also philological indications for ‘Jewish sources’. Already at the beginning of his book Luxenberg creates the impression that the Qur’an was actually a reworked Christian text by putting forward that Qur’an actually means ‘Lectionary’, a collection of texts to be read in the Christian liturgy. By this reading, Muhammad is not the last of the prophets, but a witness to those prophets who came before him.

Tracing the Qur’an to a Christian source raises other objections. As ‘difficult’ he defines those passages that have been recognised as such by western translators luxenberb that have been called so by Tabari AD in his extensive tafsir.


In the 7 th century this was the lingua franca of the Middle East, besides Greek, that was mainly spoken in the Byzantine empire.

The conclusion luxennerg King’s article summarizes the most prominent reviews of Luxenberg’s work that have been published by other scholars. In the al-Azhar university in Egypt issued a standard text that is now used worldwide. Dutch archaeologist Richard Kroes [10] describes Luxenberg’s book in a review article as “almost unreadable, certainly for the layman. So the suspicion that his approach causes is not entirely unfounded.

The Virgins and the Grapes: the Christian Origins of the Koran

Luxenberg suggests two mistakes: If this dialectal form was used, it should have been used as a nomina agentis ‘causative’ according to Luxenberg, with an inserted ‘u’. These were often different from Uthman’s standard. The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran.

Mujahid, Ibn Abbas and Ibn Masud. But if, now, the ones doing so are the scholars of the Koran, this is a sign that, for the Muslim holy book as well, the era of historical, linguistic, and philological re-readings has begun.

Luxenberg has christo;h simple solution. It is however not a usual plural and it only occurs in the phrase hur ‘in. Option 3 simply rephrases the presence of Syriac loanwords.